Changes in the thyroid can cause several symptoms, which if not well interpreted may go unnoticed and the problem may continue to worsen. When thyroid function is altered, this gland may be overworked, also known as hyperthyroidism, or maybe working poorly, which is also known as hypothyroidism.
While hyperthyroidism can cause symptoms such as agitation, nervousness, difficulty concentrating, increased appetite and difficulty gaining weight, hypothyroidism causes symptoms such as tiredness, memory loss, ease of getting fat, dry and cold skin, irregular menstrual cycle and fall of hair.
However, there are some general symptoms that you may be aware of as they may indicate problems or changes in the functioning of your thyroid gland such as:
1. Neck and neck discomfort
The thyroid gland is located in the neck and so you constantly feel pain or if you have identified a lump or lump in the neck region, this may be synonymous with having your gland altered, and your functioning may be affected.
2. Difficulties of concentration and forgetfulness
Feeling that you are constantly with your head out of place, often having concentration difficulties or constant forgetfulness, may be a symptom of abnormalities in thyroid function, lack of concentration may be a sign of hyperthyroidism and forgetfulness a sign of hypothyroidism.
3. Hair loss and dry skin
Hair loss is normal especially in the fall and spring, but if this hair loss becomes too pronounced or prolongs beyond these times, this may indicate that there is some change in the functioning of the thyroid. In addition, dry itchy skin can also be another sign, especially if it is not caused by cold and dry weather.
4. Weight gain or loss
Weight gain for no apparent reason, especially if there were no changes in diet or day-to-day activities, is always worrying and can be caused by hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland is working poorly and slows down the entire body. However, weight loss may also occur for no apparent reason, which may be related to hyperthyroidism and the presence of Graves’ disease.
5. Drowsiness, Tiredness and Muscle Aches
Drowsiness, constant tiredness and an increase in the number of hours you sleep per night can be a sign of hypothyroidism, which slows down the body’s functions and causes a constant feeling of fatigue.
In addition, unexplained muscle aches or tingling can also be another sign, as a lack of thyroid hormone can damage the nerves that send signals from the brain to the rest of your body, triggering tingling and twinging in the body.
6. Mood Changes and Belly Pruning
Deficiency or excess of thyroid hormones in the body can cause mood changes, and hyperthyroidism can lead to irritability, anxiety, and restlessness, whereas hypothyroidism can cause constant sadness or depression by changing the levels of Serotonin in the brain.
In addition, changes in the functioning of the thyroid can also cause difficulties in digestion and constipation, which can not be resolved with diet and exercise.
7. Palpitations and High Pressure
The palpitations that sometimes make the pulse in the neck and pulse feel like a symptom that the thyroid is not working as it should. In addition, high blood pressure may be another symptom, especially if it does not improve with exercise and diet, hypothyroidism can also cause an increase in bad cholesterol levels in the body.
In addition to these symptoms, loss of sexual desire and lack of libido may also be an indication that your thyroid is working poorly, which can be boosted by weight gain, hair loss, and muscle pain.
If you experience any of the symptoms described above, it is important that you see an endocrinologist as soon as possible so that he or she can order blood tests that measure thyroid hormone levels in the body or a thyroid ultrasound to check for the existence and size of possible nodules.